The Pledge of Allegiance


“I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

The Pledge of Allegiance

The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States is an oath of loyalty to the national flag and the republic of the United States of America, originally composed by Francis Bellamy in 1892. The Pledge has been modified four times since then, with the most recent change adding the words “under God” in 1954. Congressional sessions open with the swearing of the Pledge, as do government meetings at local levels, meetings held by the Knights of Columbus, Royal Rangers, Boy Scouts of America, Girl Scouts of the USA, Fraternal Order of Eagles, Freemasons, Toastmasters International and their concordant bodies, other organizations, and many sporting events.

According to the United States Flag Code, the Pledge “should be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. When not in uniform men should remove any non-religious headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag, and render the military salute”.

When you pledge allegiance to the flag, you promise loyalty and devotion to your nation.

I pledge allegiance… You promise to be true

…to the flag… to the emblem of your country

… of the United States of America… a nation made up of fifty states and several territories, each with certain rights of its own

… and to the republic… a country where the people elect representatives from among themselves to make laws for them

…for which it stands… the flag represents the United States of America

… one nation under God,… a country whose people are free to believe in God

… indivisible,… the nation cannot be split into parts

… with liberty and justice… with freedom and fairness

…for all. … for every person in the country – you and every other American.